Grammar Translation Method



As the name suggests, this method focuses on the grammar of the target language.  By using this method people tends to understand and appreciate the literature of any language.


Following are the principles of GTM:

  • Spoken language is superior to written language and thus more focus is given to understand the literature of a target language.
  • By using this method, students will be able to translate one language into another.
  • To be able to communicate in the target language is not the goal of GTM.
  • The focused skills of this method are: reading and writing.
  • To find native language equivalents for all target language words is possible.
  • To understand the grammar of the target language is very important.

Guide for teachers:

If you are a teacher and you are worried that whether you should use this method in your class than you should check the following things:

  • What’s the goal of my teaching:

Communication or


  • Which skill is most important for my students?

Writing and reading


Speaking and listening

  • Is grammar of the target language is important for my students?

After answering these questions, you should re check the principles of GTM. If your answers are matching to the principles then you should use this method in your classroom otherwise you should not.

Guide for students of linguistics/ education or others:

If GTM is included in your textbooks as a topic or chapter and you’re worried that what sort of questions will appear on your exams then you should have a look on the following ones:

  • Keeping in mind the principles of GTM make a list of the advantages and disadvantages of this method.
  • You’ve to teach English as a target language to 20 intermediate students. Choose any topic of your choice and teach it by using the principles of GTM.
  • As a teacher, would you like to use GTM in your class? Why and When? Support your answers with reasons.

Happy reading to you!

Photo Credits: Google



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